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آموزش شبکه - نصب ویندوز سرور 2003 قدم به قدم
  1. بخش 1
    Computer and processor
    PC with a 133-MHz processor required; 550-MHz or faster processor recommended; support for up to four processors on one server
    Memory
    128 MB of RAM required; 256 MB or more recommended; 4 GB maximum
    Hard disk
    1.2 GB for network install; 2.9 GB for CD install
    Drive
    CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive
    Display
    VGA or hardware that supports console redirection required; Super VGA supporting 800 x 600 or higher-resolution monitor recommended
    Plan your installation
    When you run the Windows Server 2003 Setup program, you must provide information about how to install and configure the operating system. Thorough planning can make your installation of Windows Server 2003 more efficient by helping you to avoid potential problems during installation.
    when planning for your Windows Server 2003 installation
    • Check System Requirements
    • Check Hardware and Software Compatibility
    • Determine Disk Partitioning Options
    • Choose the Appropriate File System: FAT, FAT32, NTFS
    • Decide on a Workgroup or Domain Installation
    • Complete a Pre-Installation Checklist
    After you made sure you can go on, start the installation process.
    Beginning the installation process
    You can install Windows Server 2003 in several methods – all are valid and good, it all depends upon your needs and your limitations.
    In this tutorial we are installing directly from a CD by booting your computer with the CD.
    Start the computer from the CD.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    You can press F6 if you need to install additional SCSI adapters or other mass-storage devices.

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    Setup will load all the needed files and Drivers.

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    Windows server 2003 welcome screen and available options press enter

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Read and accept the licensing agreement and press F8 if you accept it.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Select or create the partition on which you will install Windows Server 2003.Now you need to click C to create new partition

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Enter the partition size and press enter

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    After creating the partition you need to select where you want to install windows server 2003 press enter

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Now you need to format your new partition with NTFS select the option as below and press enter

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Drive Format is in progress

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    After format setup will start copying files is in progress

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Setup Initializes your windows configuration

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    The computer will restart now and the installation process will start in graphical mode.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    It will then begin to load device drivers based upon what it finds on your computer. You don’t need to do anything at this stage.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Click Customize to change regional settings, if necessary.
    Current System Locale – Affects how programs display dates, times, currency, and numbers. Choose the locale that matches your location, for example, United Kingdom.
    Current Keyboard Layout – Accommodates the special characters and symbols used in different languages. Your keyboard layout determines which characters appear when you press keys on the keyboard.
    If you don’t need to make any changes just press Next.

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    Enter the name and Organization click next

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    Enter your product key click next

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Select the license mode you want to use click next

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Enter the computer name and administrator password click next

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Select the correct date and time for your computer click next

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Installing network in progress

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Now you need to set the network settings here select custom settings click next

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) click on properties

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Select use the following ip address radio button and enter you ip address details click ok

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    After configuring IP address you need to click next

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    In the Workgroup or Domain window enter the name of your workgroup or domain.
    A workgroup is a small group of computers on a network that enables users to work together and does not support centralized administration.
    A domain is a logical grouping of computers on a network that has a central security database for storing security information. Centralized security and administration are important for computers in a domain because they enable an administrator to easily manage computers that are geographically distant from each other. A domain is administered as a unit with common rules and procedures. Each domain has a unique name, and each computer within a domain has a unique name.
    If you’re a stand-alone computer, or if you don’t know what to enter, or if you don’t have the sufficient rights to join a domain – leave the default entry selected and press Next.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Next the setup process will finish copying files and configuring the setup. You do not need to do anything.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    After finishing installation process your system will reboot and you can see logon screen

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    After logging in you should see similar to the following screen for Windows server 2003 R2 editions now you need to insert CD2 to install extra components click ok

    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    That’s it you have completed windows server 2003 R2 installation

  2. Step By Step Guide for Windows Server 2003 Domain Controller and DNS Server Setup

    Windows Server 2003 includes all the functionality customers expect from a mission critical Windows Server operating system, such as security, reliability, availability, and scalability. In addition, Microsoft has improved and extended the Windows server product family to enable organizations to experience the benefits of Microsoft .NET—a set of software for connecting information, people, systems, and devices. This tutorial will explain how to create a first domain controller(DC) in your network or company includes DNS Server setup in windows server 2003 .You have to install DNS server for DC without DNS the client Computer wouldn’t know which one is DC.You can host DNS on a different server than DC.
    Before Starting the DC installation process you need to make sure the following points
    • You have installed Basic windows server 2003 installation
    • Make sure you have assigned a static IP address to your server
    Now start DC and DNS Setup process


    First you need to go to Start–>All Programs–>Administrative Tools–>Manage Your Server





    Here you need to select Add or remove a role





    Verify the following steps click on Next





    Select Server Role as Domain Controller option click on Next





    Summary of Your Selections click on Next





    Active Directory Installation Wizard click on Next





    Click “Next” on the compatibility window





    Next window select the default option of “Domain Controller for a new domain” and click “Next”





    In this tutorial we will create a domain in a new forest, because it is the first DC, so keep that option selected





    Now we have to think of a name for our domain. If you have a domain like windowsreference.com”, you can use it, but it isn’t suggested because computers nside of your domain may not be able to reach the company website. Active directory domains don’t need to be “real” domains like the one above – they can be anything you wish. So i will create “windowsreference.int”





    Now in order to keep things simple, we will use “windowsreferenc”, which is the default selection, as the NetBIOS name of the domain





    The next dialog suggests storing the AD database and log on separate hard disks and you can just leave the default settings





    The SYSVOL folder is a public share, where things like .MSI Software Packages can be kept when you will distribute packages and you can just leave the default settings or you can change the path





    Next Screen basically says that you will need a DNS server in order for everything to work the way we want it (i.e., our “windowsreference.int” to be reachable).we will install the DNS server on this machine or if you want you can installed else where select “Install and Configure…” and click next





    Here you need to select the permissions for win 2000 or win 2003 server if you have any NT4 select first option otherwise select second option and click next





    The restore mode password is the single password that all administrators hope to never use, however they should also never forget it because this is the single password that might save a failed server.click next





    Now we will see a summary of what will happen click next





    Active directory installation process started this can take several minutes. It’s likely that you will be prompted for your Windows Server 2003 CD (for DNS) so have it handy





    Active directory Installation finish screen click Finish





    Now you need to select “Restart Now” option to reboot your server





    After rebooting you can see new option for logon





    After logging in you can see similar to the following screen saying your server is now domain controller




    That’s it now your server is configured as domain controller and DNS server
  3. Adding a Windows XP computer to a Windows Server 2003 domain
    Preface:
    • You need Windows XP Professional to join a XP computer to a domain. Home can't be used fully for this
    • You will loose the "fancy" log on screen and you will receive the "classic" log on screen instead. This is for security and cannot be changed, unless you revert to workgroup mode
    • You will loose the "Fast User Switching". This cannot be restored, except by reverting back to workgroup mode.
    Method:
    Click Start, right click "My Computer" and click "Properties"


    Go to the "Computer Name" tab and click "Change..."


    Select the "Domain" radio button then put in your domain name, not including the . extension (in my example I used the domain "hello.test" but when joining the computer to a domain, I will only type "hello")


    Press "OK". Then you will be presented with a user name and password prompt. Enter the user name and password of a Domain Administrator


    Press "OK" and after a minute or two you will receive a message welcoming you to the domain. Then you will receive a message telling you that a reboot is required, click "OK" to that, and the properties window. Then click "Yes" when you are prompted to reboot
    And we're finished. You have just learnt how to add a Windows XP computer to a Windows Server 2003 domain
    Additive:
    After the XP computer boots to Control-Alt-Delete you may need to change it from logging onto itself (which will use the local info) to logging onto the domain. To do this, press Ctrl-Alt-Del, then the "Options

    >>>" button on the log on screen. Then select the domain from the drop-down box


    After that you can log on using domain credentials
  4. Adding users to Active Directory

    Click Start, highlight "Administrative Tools" and select "Active Directory Users and Computers"
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.

    Now, expand your domain name on the left side, and go to the bottom where it says "Users". Once you click on that, you will see all of the automatically created users, you will also see all of the users you made before you ran dcpromo - that's because they all stay through the promotion to DC. Anyway, to add a user, you can either right click the "Users" folder on the left side, or the blank area on the right side, and highlight "New" then click "User"
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.

    In the next dialog we can set the user's First name, Last name and various other pieces of information, including their log-on name, and domain to which we want to add them

    After clicking "Next" you are presented with the password-settings screen. You can set the user's password and then have them change it on their first log-on by selecting "User must change password at next logon". But in this tutorial, I will set it as their password, and not allow them to ever change it without asking me (the administrator) to change it for them

    In the next dialog, we get a summary of the user to be created. Click "Finish" and the user has been created
  5. Adding a computer to Active Directory
    Click Start, highlight "Administrative Tools" and select "Active Directory Users and Computers"
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Expand your domain name, and right-click "Computers", highlight "New" then click "Computer"
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    In this dialog we have to type the name of the computer we want to add


    In the next dialog just click "Next", then you will see a final report of what will be added, and you can click "Finish"
  6. Enabling sound on Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition
    Click Start, Administrative Tools, then Services
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Scroll down to Windows Audio, and double click it, set start-up to Automatic, click Apply, click OK, then click Start


  7. Enabling the CD-Burning Service on Windows Server 2003
    Click Start, Administrative Tools, then Services
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Scroll down to the "IMAPI CD-Burning COM Service", right click it and click Properties
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Set the Startup type to Manual, !Click Apply!, Then click Start.


    Press OK and we've enabled the CD burning service, install a CD burning program, and you should be able to write CDs. When you reboot, the service won't be started at boot, but when you try to burn a CD it will start (and when you are finished with the CD the service will stop again)
  8. Enabling Audio Mapping for Remote Desktop/Terminal Services
    When connecting to RD (Remote Desktop) or TS (Terminal Services) using the built-in Windows client (mstsc), even with "Remote computer sound" set to "Bring to this computer", you won't hear anything from the remote computer by default. Thanks to John Losey and his post to microsoft.public.windows.server.networking (mirrored here for download) this problem is solved.
    Update January 19th, 2005: In addition to the instructions below, the server (as well as the client) must have a sound card, or this will not work
    Method:
    Start -> Run...


    Type "tscc.msc" without the quotes, and press OK


    On the left side you should see that "Connections" is selected, on the right side you should see, under the "Connection" tab, RDP-Tcp. Right click that, and press properties
    Resigzed Image اندازه این تصویر کوچک شده است. برای مشاهده اندازه اصلی روی این نوشته کلیک کنید.


    Go to the Client Settings tab, and under "Disable the following:" you will see "Audio mapping" checked. Uncheck it. Now press OK and you should be set
+ نوشته شده توسط pedram در چهارشنبه پانزدهم اردیبهشت 1389 و ساعت 9:51 |